1. Gandhi Ji
Gandhi Ji’s full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born on 2 October 1869 and died on 30 January 1948, and was popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi. He was an Indian lawyer, who encouraged a movement that leads to the successful campaign for India’s independence from British rule, and also inspired movements for civil rights and freedom all over the world.
He was born in a middle-class Hindu family in Gujarat. Gandhi Ji was trained in law in London. As he could not become successful in making a law practice in India, he moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian merchant in a lawsuit. He started a campaign for civil rights. In 1915, he returned to India, and when he saw the problems of the poor’s like the peasants, the farmers, and the urban laborers of India he fought for their rights to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. In 1921, he was one of the Leaders of the Indian National Congress. Gandhi Ji led campaigns all over India to relieve poverty, to expand women’s rights, build religious and ethnic peace, to end untouchability, and above all for achieving Swaraj or self-rule in India.
Gandhi’s birthday, 2 October, is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti, in India and also as the International Nonviolence Day worldwide. Gandhi Ji is also considered the Father of the Nation in India, and was called “Bapu”. In April 1918, during World War I, the Viceroy of India had invited Gandhi Ji to a War-Conference in Delhi. Gandhi Ji agreed to steadily recruit Indians for the war effort. He recruited volunteers for the Ambulance Corps and attempted to recruit combatants. Gandhi’s first major achievement was in 1917 when the Champaran agitation in Bihar occurred. He started a Satyagraha movement named Dandi march with a few other Indians. He also started the khadi movement.
2. Sardar Patel
Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel popularly known as Sardar Valla Bhai Patel was born on 31 October 1875 and died on 15 December 1950. He was an Indian politician and was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India. He practiced as a barrister and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress. He acted because of the Home Minister during the political integration of India and therefore the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947.
Patel was born in the District of Nadiad and was raised in the countryside of the state of Gujarat. He was a successful lawyer. He continuously organized peasants from Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in non-violent civil disobedience against the British Raj. He had become one of the most influential leaders in Gujarat. He was elected because of the 49th President of the Indian National Congress. He also promoted the Quit India Movement.
Patel supported Gandhi Ji’s Non-cooperation movement and traveled through the entire state to recruit quite 300,000 members and lift funds which were over Rs. 1.5 million. He organized bonfires in Ahmedabad in which British goods were burned, Patel threw in all his English-style clothes.
Both Vallabhbhai’s and Gandhi Ji’s frequent arrest caused the Salt Satyagraha to an excellent intensity in Gujarat and districts across Gujarat launched an anti-tax rebellion until and unless Patel and Gandhi were released.
3. Jamshedji Tata
Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata was born on 3 March 1839 and he died on 19th of May 1904. He was an Indian industrialist, who founded the Tata Group of Industries, India’s biggest combination of companies. His father’s name was Nusserwanji & Mother was Jeevan Bhai Tata. The city of Jamshedpur was established by him. Jamshedji Tata is considered or known as the “Father of Indian Industry”.
He was a small trader in his younger days, but later he changed the business world of India, through his many ventures and ideas within the cotton and pig iron industry, and is considered to be one of the most successful businessmen of the modern Indian economy. Out of his biggest achievement was the Tata Iron and Steel Works company in Jamshedpur. In addition to the Tata Iron and Steel Works, he went on to determine businesses in many other areas that stood as a foundation to modern Indian business. Tata worked in his father’s company until he was 29 and founded his own company later. Jamshedji Tata moved to the Centre of India’s Weaving, and the Spinning, Manufacturing Company in Nagpur because it seemed to be a suitable place for him to establish another business project. Due to the irregular location, the people of Bombay criticized Tata for not making a smart move by taking the cotton business up in Bombay, as it was referred to as the “Cotton polis” of India. They could not figure out why he went to a not-so-developed city like Nagpur to start a new business. However, Tata’s decision of selecting Nagpur led to his success.
In Nagpur land was very cheap and was readily available for resources. There was abundant farm produce, distribution was easy, and therefore the cheap land later led to the converging of railways at Nagpur, which further developed the town. Shortly after, in 1877, Tata established a replacement textile mill named “Empress Mill”. He had four goals in life: fixing an iron and company, a world-class learning institution, a singular hotel, and a hydro-electric plant. He could only fulfill one of his dreams during his lifetime, with the inauguration of the Taj Mahal Hotel at Colaba. He bought sold and resold many mills in order to buy profit. In 1885, He started another company in Pondicherry for the purpose of distributing Indian textiles to the nearby French Colonies so that they didn’t have to pay taxes; but it failed due to insufficient demand for the fabrics. He has provided employment to many Indian’s.
4. Vikram Sarabhai
Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai was an Indian astronomer and physicist and was born on 12 August 1919 and died on 30 December 1971. He initiated his interest in space research and helped to develop nuclear power in India. In 1966, he was honored with the Padma Bhushan and in 1972 with the Padma Vibhushan. He is regarded as the Father of the Indian Space Program all over the world. In 1942 Vikram Sarabhai married and started a family with the classical dancer Mrinalini. During his lifetime, he practiced Jainism.
He has done his graduation from a College in Gujarat, but later he moved to the University of Cambridge, England, where he examines natural sciences. And he also pursued his doctorate from Cambridge, and wrote a thesis on “Cosmic Ray Investigations in Tropical Latitudes,” in 1947. Vikram Sarabhai founded the Physical lab (PRL) in 1947. It is regarded as the cradle of space sciences in India as It worked with cosmic rays. The institute was established at the M.G. Science Institute, Ahmedabad, on Martinmas 1947 with the help of the Karmkshetra Educational Foundation. The initial focus was research on cosmic rays and therefore the properties of the upper atmosphere. Research areas were expanded to incorporate theoretical physics and radiophysics later with grants from the nuclear energy Commission. He founded the Research Group (ORG), the primary marketing research organization within the country. Some of his notable works are, he helped to set up the Nehru Foundation for Development in Ahmedabad, the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIMA), the Ahmedabad Textile Industry’s Research Association (ATIRA).
Along with his wife Mrinalini Sarabhai, he founded the Darpana Academy of humanistic discipline. Other organizations and projects that were started by Sarabhai included the Fast Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR) in Kalpakkam, Variable Energy Cyclotron Project in Calcutta, Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) in Hyderabad, and Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL) in Jharkhand. Sarabhai started a project for the construction and launch of an Indian satellite, and the first Indian satellite, “Aryabhata”, was put into orbit in 1975. He was the founder of the Indian Space Research Organisation.
5. Sunita Williams
Sunita Lyn Williams was born on September nineteenth, 1965, and is an American space explorer and United States Navy official who formerly held the records for most spacewalks by a lady (seven) and most spacewalk time for a lady that is of 50 hours and40 minutes. Williams was designated to the International Space Station (ISS) as an individual from Expedition 14 and Expedition 15. In 2012, she filled in as a flight engineer on Expedition 32 and afterward authority of Expedition 33. Sunita Williams was born to Indian American neuroanatomist Deepak Pandya and Slovene American Ursuline Bonnie Pandya, who dwell in Falmouth, Massachusetts. Williams moved on from Needham High School in Needham, Massachusetts, in 1983. She got a Bachelor of Science certificate in actual science from the United States Naval Academy in 1987, and a Master of Science certificate in designing administration from Florida Institute of Technology in 1995. Williams was dispatched to the International Space Station (ISS) and also with STS-116, onboard with Space Shuttle Discovery, on December 9, 2006, to join the Expedition 14 group. In April 2007, the Russian individuals from the changed, to Expedition 15.
Subsequent to dispatching onboard the Shuttle Discovery, Williams organized to give her braid to Locks of Love. Individual space explorer Joan Higginbotham trim her hair on board the International Space Station and the pigtail was taken back to Earth by the STS-116 team. Williams played out her first extra-vehicular action on the eighth day of the STS-116 mission. On April 16, 2007, she showed the principal long-distance race to any individual in space. Williams was recorded as a contestant for the 2007 Boston Marathon and finished the distance in 4 hours and 24 minutes. The other team individuals supported her and gave her oranges during the race. In 2008, Williams took part in the Boston Marathon once more. Williams was dispatched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on July 15, 2012, as a component of Expedition 32/33. She has gotten grants like the Navy Commendation Medal, Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal, Humanitarian Service Medal, NASA Spaceflight Medal, Golden Order for Merits, Government of Slovenia, and so forth. You can read full biography of Sunita Williams.
6. Sam Pitroda
Satyan Pitroda famously known as Sam Pitroda was born on the fourth of May 1942. He is an Indian telecom specialist, creator, and business visionary. He is prominently known as the Father of India’s Computer and IT Revolutionary as he helped Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in carrying computerization as a counselor to the PM. He was additionally a consultant to the PM during Dr. Manmohan Singh’s residency.
Pitroda and his sibling were sent off to Gujarat to guzzle the Gandhian way of thinking. He finished his tutoring from Vallabh Vidyanagar in Gujarat and finished his graduate degree in Physics and Electronics from Maharaja Sayajirao University in Vadodara. Subsequent to finishing his graduate degree in Physics he went to the United States in 1964 and acquired a graduate degree in Electrical Engineering from the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago.
He is viewed as probably the most punctual pioneer of hand-held registering due to his creation of the Electronic Diary in 1975. In 1974, Pitroda joined Wescom Switching which was one of the main computerized exchanging organizations He built up the 580 DSS switch, over almost four years. It was delivered in 1978. Wescom was acquired by Rockwell International in 1980, where Pitroda became VP. During his forty years as a specialist, Pitroda documented scores of licenses in broadcast communications. The most recent arrangement of licenses identifications with cell phone-based exchange innovation, both monetary and non-monetary, by means of cell phones. He spent almost 10 years with Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi as the head of a push to fabricate an Indian data industry. Pitroda established and filled in as Chairman of C-SAM. In 2017, Pitroda was named as Chairman of Indian Overseas Congress by the President of Indian National Congress, a significant Indian ideological group. He has gotten grants like, Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award, 2000 in acknowledgment of his remarkable commitment to media transmission and outfitting it for the social and monetary change of agricultural nations. Dataquest gave Pitroda a lifetime accomplishment grant in 2002 the Padma Bhushan in 2009 for his commitment to Science and Engineering and the Skoch Challenger Lifetime Achievement Award in 2009 for introducing the telecom and IT insurgency in India.
7. Narendra Modi
PM Narendra Modi was born on the 17th of September Year 1950. He is a politician of India and also the current Prime Minister of India since 2014. He formerly served as the Chief Minister of Gujarat from 2001 to 2014 and is the Member of Parliament in Varanasi. Modi is associated with Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu patriot volunteer association. He is the primary head administrator outside of the Indian National Congress to win two sequential terms with a full dominant part and the second to finish over five years in office after Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Modi helped his dad sell tea as a youngster and has said he later ran his business. He was acquainted with the RSS when he was just eight years old, starting a long relationship with the association. Modi went around India for a very long time and visited various strict focuses prior to getting back to Gujarat. In 1971 he turned into an all-day for the RSS. During the highly sensitive situation in 1975, Modi had to remain in isolation. The RSS allocated him with few situations in BJP until 2001, he stood to the position of general secretary.
Modi was scorned as the Chief Minister of Gujarat in 2001 because of Keshubhai Patel’s mental weakness and a helpless public picture following the quake in Bhuj. Modi was chosen for administrative purposes before long. His organization has been considered complicit in the 2002 Gujarat riots, or in any case scrutinized for its treatment of it. A Supreme Court-named Special Investigation Team found no proof to start indictment procedures against Modi by and by. His approaches as a boss pastor, credited with empowering financial development, have gotten acclaim. He has begun numerous formative tasks which have profited India a great deal, e.g. The Swacch Bharat Abhiyan. India’s ostensible military spending expanded consistently by the CNN-IBN news network in 2014. For four years (2014, 2015, 2017, and 2020), he was named as one of Time magazine’s 100 Most Influential People in the World.
He has likewise announced the victor of the Time magazine peruser’s survey for Person of the Year in 2014 and 2016. Forbes Magazine positioned him as the 15th Most Powerful Person in the World in 2014 and the 9th Most Powerful Person in the World for three years (2015, 2016, and 2018). Modi was positioned fifth on Fortune Magazine’s first yearly rundown of the “World’s Greatest Leaders” in 2015 In 2017, Gallup International Association (GIA) gathered information and positioned Modi as third top head of the world. In 2016, a wax sculpture of Modi was disclosed at Madame Tussaud Wax Museum in London. under Modi. Modi was named the Best Chief Minister in a 2007 cross country review by India Today. In March 2012, he showed up on the front of the Asian version of Time Magazine, one of only a handful few Indian legislators to have done as such.
8. Dhirubhai Ambani
Dhirubhai Ambani was born on 28 December 1932 and died on 6 July 2002. He was a successful Indian businessman t who founded Reliance Industries. Ambani made Reliance public in 1977 and it was worth $25.6 billion upon his death. In 1948, he left for the Port of Aden, Yemen to figure for A. Besse and Co. along with his own brother Ramnik Bhai. He later came to sell shell and Burmah oil products for the corporate. He left Aden in 1958 to undertake his hand at his own business in India within the textiles market. Ambani returned to India and began a company “Majin” in partnership with Chambaklal, his cousin, who lived with him in Yemen. Majin used to import and export goods like polyester yarn and spices to Yemen. Extensive marketing of the brand within the interiors of India made it a household name. Franchise shops were started and that they sold the “Only Vimal” brand of textiles.
In the year 1988, Reliance Industries came up against a right offering regarding partly convertible debentures. It came to be rumored as the corporate was making all efforts to make sure that their stock prices didn’t go down. The Bear Cartel from Calcutta, a group of some stockbrokers began to sell the shares of Reliance at lesser prices. To counter this, a gaggle of stockbrokers until recently mentioned as “Friends of Reliance” began to buy the short-sold shares of Reliance Industries on the Bombay Stock Exchange.
The very first office of the Dhirubhai Ambani Reliance Commercial Corporation was built at the Narsinatha Street in the Masjid Bunder. It was a 350 sq. ft. (33 m2) room consisting of one telephone, one table, and three chairs only. Initially, they had two assistants with him to assist them with their business. At the small office, he started to form a built a strong team that might stick with Reliance for years, which incorporates Rasikbhai Meswani (his nephew), Ramnikbhai, Nathubhai (his younger brother), and two former schoolmates named Rathi Bhai and Narottambhai. They usually worked around the streets of Pydhonie.
In the year 2016, he was honored and was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, for his huge contribution to the trade industry.
9. Mukesh Ambani
He was born on 19th April 1987. He is an Indian billionaire, and chairman and MD of Reliance Industries, India’s most valuable company by market value. He is the richest person in Asia and as of October 2020 the 6th richest in the world. The Reliance Jio business has earned in top-five spots in the country’s telecommunication services. Ambani consistently held the title of India’s richest person on the Forbes list for the past 10 years. He is also the owner of MUMBAI INDIANS in IPL. He resides at the Antilia Building in Mumbai.
Mukesh Ambani has led the creation of the world’s largest oil refinery at Jamnagar, India, which had the capacity to supply 660,000 barrels per day, integrated with various other services like petrochemicals, power generation, and port services. On 18 June 2014, Mukesh Ambani, while addressing the 40th Annual General Meeting of Reliance Industries, said that he will invest an amount of Rs 1.8 trillion across various businesses within the next three years and launch 4G broadband services in 2015. In February 2016, Ambani led Jio to launch its own 4G smartphone brand named as LYF. In June 2016, it had been India’s third-largest-selling mobile brand. The release of the service Reliance Jio Info COMM Limited, commonly referred to as Jio, In September 2016 was a hit, and Reliance’s shares increased. During the 40th annual general meeting of RIL, he announced bonus shares within the ratio of 1:1 and announced the Jio Mobile Phone at an effective price of Rs0.
He is awarded many prestigious awards like Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year in the year 2000, Global Vision Award at The Awards Dinner in 2010, Business Leader of the Year, Businessman of the Year (2010), etc.
10. Paresh Rawal
Paresh Rawal was born on 30th May 1955. He is an Indian film entertainer, Comedian, and government official known for his works prominently in Bollywood. He was an individual from parliament in the Lok Sabha of the Indian Parliament speaking to the Ahmedabad East electorate from 2014 to 2019.
He is politically associated with the Bharatiya Janata Party. In 1994, he won the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actor for his acting in the movies like Woh Chokri and Sir. For the last mentioned, he got his first Filmfare Award for Best Performance in a Negative Role.
This was trailed by Ketan Mehta’s Sardar, which saw him assuming the lead function of political dissident Vallabhbhai Patel, a job that got him public and worldwide approval. He has gotten wide acknowledgment for his detestable parts in Telugu film industry hits, for example, Kshana Kshanam (1991), Money (1993, Govinda (1994), Rikshavodu (1995), Bavagaru Bagunnara (1998), Shankar Dada M.B.B.S. (2004), and Teen Maar (2011). His other noticeable works in Hindi film are Naam in1986, Shiva in1990, Mohar in 1994, Tamanna in1996, Aitraaz in 2004, Table No. 21 in 2013, and Zilla Ghaziabad in 2013.
He has given a lot of hits, for example, Chachi 420, Hera Pheri, Nayak, Aankhen, Awara Paagal Deewana, Hungama, Hulchul, Deewane Huye Paagal, Garam Masala, Phir Hera Pheri, Golmaal: He made his debut with the film Arjun in a supporting job in 1985. It was the 1986 blockbuster Naam that set up him as an entertainer with magnificent ability.
He showed up in more than 100 movies all through the 1980s and 1990s, generally as the primary miscreant, for example, in Roop Ki Rani Choron Ka Raja, Kabzaa, King Uncle, Ram Lakhan, Daud, Baazi thus some more. During the 1990s, he likewise featured in the cult comedy Andaz Apna in which he assumed a twofold job.
Paresh Rawal was seen as a character entertainer by the two crowds and pundits until the 2000 Bollywood faction exemplary Hera Pheri, after which he featured in numerous Hindi standard movies as a lead entertainer or fundamental hero.
Rawal played the role of a rowdy, but a fool and kind-hearted Marathi landowner Baburao Ganpat Rao Apte in the film Hera Pheri, who takes in Raju (Akshay Kumar) and Shyam Actor (Sunil Shetty) as paying visitors in his home. Rawal’s acting was a vital explanation behind the major cross-country achievement the film got. For his presentation, he won the Filmfare Best Comedian Award. He repeated his function as “Baburao” in the continuation of the film Phir Hera Pheri, which was likewise effective. He is a senior and fruitful entertainer and humorist or comedian.